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EXTREME POINTS OF INDONESIA

Have you heard the song, “Dari Sabang sampai Merauke” (From Sabang to Merauke)? Yep, this well-known song mentions two of the most extreme places in Indonesia. Indonesia as a vast archipelagic state has extreme points based on the cardinal directions as follows.

  1. Northernmost Point

The Northernmost point of Indonesia is located on Rondo Island, Sukakarya District, Sabang City, Aceh Province. Rondo Island is located in ​1​6°4′30″ North Latitude and 95°6′45″ East Longitude​​​. The island is uninhabited and only supervised by a TNI (Indonesian National Armed Forces) guard post.

  1. Easternmost Point

The Easternmost point of Indonesia is located at Torasi Estuary, Kampung Kondo, Naukenjerai District, Merauke Regency, Papua Province. This estuary is closely guarded because it is the borderland between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

  1. Southernmost Point

The Southernmost point of Indonesia is located on Pamana Island, Southwest Rote District, Rote Ndao Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province. This island is also the Southernmost point of Asia.

  1. Westernmost Point

The Westernmost point of Indonesia is located on the island of Benggala, Pulo Aceh District, Aceh Besar Regency, Aceh province. This unpopulated island is located at 5° 47′ 34″ North Latitude and 94° 58′ 21″ East Longitude.

In addition to the extreme points based on the cardinal directions, Indonesia’s highest extreme point is in Puncak Jaya, Mimika Regency, Papua and Indonesia’s lowest extreme point is in the Southern Philippine Trench, the Philippine Sea. Which of these extreme points would you like to visit?

Apakah Anda pernah mendengar lirik lagu, “Dari Sabang sampai Merauke…”? Ya, lagu yang cukup terkenal ini menyebutkan dua tempat paling ekstrem di Indonesia. Indonesia dengan tanah air yang luas memiliki titik-titik ekstrem berdasarkan arah mata angin sebagai berikut.

  1. Titik Paling Utara

Titik paling utara Indonesia terletak di Pulau Rondo, Kecamatan Sukakarya, Kota Sabang, Provinsi Aceh. Pulau Rondo berada di 6°4′30″ LU dan 95°6′45″ BT. Pulau ini tidak berpenghuni dan hanya diawasi oleh pos penjagaan TNI.

  1. Titik Paling Timur

Titik paling timur Indonesia terletak di Muara Torasi, Kampung Kondo, Distrik Naukenjerai, Kabupaten Merauke, Provinsi Papua. Muara ini dijaga ketat karena merupakan daratan perbatasan antara Indonesia dengan Papua Nugini.

  1. Titik Paling Selatan

Titik paling selatan Indonesia terletak di Pulau Pamana, Kecamatan Rote Barat Daya, Kabupaten Rote Ndao, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Pulau ini juga merupakan titik paling selatan dari Benua Asia.

  1. Titik Paling Barat

Titik paling barat Indonesia terletak di Pulau Benggala, Kecamatan Pulo Aceh, Kabupaten Aceh Besar, Provinsi Aceh. Pulau yang tidak berpenghuni ini berada di 5° 47′ 34″ LU dan 94° 58′ 21″ BT.

Selain titik ekstrem berdasarkan arah mata angin, ada pun titik ekstrem tertinggi Indonesia berada di Puncak Jaya, Kabupaten Mimika, Papua dan titik ekstrem terendah Indonesia berada di Palung Filipina Selatan, Laut Filipina. Dari beberapa titik ekstrem ini, manakah wilayah yang ingin Anda kunjungi?

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